Contrary to most of his colleagues in Congress, Edward Rutledge of South Carolina advocates patience regarding declaring independence. In a letter to John Jay of New York, Rutledge worries whether he and other conservatives can “effectually oppose” such legislation. Given the mood in the congress and the belligerent letter that King George wrote to them, it feels as if the tide is turning.
In Staten Island, New York, signals indicate the appearance of General William Howe’s fleet from Halifax, prompting Lieutenant Colonel Smuel Webb to declare “a warm and bloody campaign is the least we may expect, may God grant us a victory and success.”
In South Carolina, inspired by his stunning success in repulsing Commodore Peter Parker’s naval squadron, William Logan sends a gift of hogshead of old Antigua rum to Colonel Moultrie.
Virginia adapts a Constitution as a free Commonwealth.
General Washington writes to John Hancock regarding the precarious state of affairs regarding the numbers of individuals he has under his command: “I observe the augmentation Congress have resolved to make to the forces destined for the Northern department & the bounty to be allowed such Soldiers as will Inlist for three years. I hope many good consequences will result from these measures, and that from the latter a considerable number of men may be induced to engage in the service. I should esteem myself extremely happy to afford the least assistance to the Canada department in compliance with the desire of Congress and your requisition, were It in my power, but It is not. The Return which I transmitted yesterday will but too well convince Congress of my Incap[ac]ity in this instance, and point out to them, that the force I now have is trifling, considering the many, and important posts that are necessary & must be supported if possible. But few Militia have yet come in; the whole being about Twelve hundred Including the Two Battallions of this City and One Company from the Jerseys. I wish the delay may not be attended with disagreable circumstances, and their aid may not come too late, or when It may not be wanted. I have wrote, I have done everything I could, to call them in, but they have not come, tho I am told that they are generally willing.”
Join Bow Tie Tours for the Best Historical Walking Tours in Philadelphia. On Independence Day, join us for our outstanding 7-hour extravaganza that includes admission to Independence Hall, The Museum of the American Revolution. End it all at City Tavern for a celebratory drink before the fireworks!