May 19, 1776


Conservatives and the radical local committee become involved in a bitter struggle for the control of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly.  The Assembly had ordered its delegation in Congress to resist from voting for independence.

The USS Franklin and the schooner Lady Washington were headed for the Nantucket Bay, when the British sent several ships to capture the American ships.  The Franklin was run aground, the crew got ashore and formed a battle line, the British were surprised and their attack failed.

General Washington sends General Horatio Gates to the Congress with the following missive:  “This will be delivered you by Genl Gates who sets out to day1 for Congress agreable to my Letter of Yesterday.  I have committed to him the Heads of Sundry matters to lay before Congress for their consideration, which from the Interesting Intelligence contained in my last, appear to me of the utmost Importance and to demand their most early and serious attention.  Sensible that I have omitted to set down many things necessary, & which probably when deliberating they will wish to be acquainted with, and not conceiving myself at liberty to depart my post, tho to attend them, without their previous approbation, I have requested Genl Gates to Subjoin such Hints of his own as he may apprehend material. His military experience and Intimate acquaintance with the situation of our Affairs will enable him to give Congress the fullest satisfaction about the measures necessary to be adopted at this alarming crisis, and with his zeal and Attachment to the Cause of America, have a claim to their notice and favors.  When Congress shall have come to a determination on the Subject of this Letter, and such parts of my former Letters, as have not been determined on, you will be pleased to honor me with the Result.”  He will have reason in the future to regret his early trust of General Gates.

Join us at Bow Tie Tours for Philadelphia’s Best Walking Tours.  Hear about the end of the Washington/Gates relationship on our Valley Forge Tour.  And don’t forget to listen to our Washington 101 Series on



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